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Open Access

“Open Access benefits researchers, institutions, nations and society as a whole. For researchers, it brings increased visibility, usage and impact for their work. Institutions enjoy the same benefits in aggregated form. There is growing evidence to show that countries also benefit because Open Access increases the impact of the research in which they invest public money on the economic impact of enhanced access to research findings) and therefore there is a better return on investment. Society as a whole benefits because research is more efficient and more effective, delivering better and faster outcomes for us all.”

Open Access is the alternative to Closed Access (or Subscription Access or Toll Access).

It implies any project, initiative, or action that favours and promotes the free access through the internet.

-Open Acess: not only free and costlessbut they also take into account authors rights.

-Free Access: costless and accessible

The text is completely accesible to everybody through the web. Authors preserve thei author rights.

By Open Access we understand that the text is available costless in the internet so as any user can read it, download it, copy it, hand it out or print it with the possiblility of link it to the original text. The only limit to the reproduction and distribution of published articles, and the only role for copyright in this context,is that  there can be other than to ensure that authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be acknowledged and cited.

Bethesda’s declaration (2003)

“The author (s) and owner (s) granted copyright (n) to all users the right to free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual access and license to use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship and the right to make a limited number of copies for personal use.”

“Shall be deposited immediately a full version of the work and all supplemental material, including a copy of the license stated above, in an accessible electronic format as initial publication in at least one network repository that is supported by an academic institution, an educational society, agency government or any other organization known to provide free access, unrestricted distribution, interoperability, and long-term archiving.”

Author’s Action:

He/she must agree to allow all readers and users to copy, distribute, transfer and use of content created, provided that you cite as author.

Once the research is published in one of the websites that promote and support Open Access initiatives.

Author’s right:

  • Project Romeo:  Universidad de Loughborough www.lboro.ac.uk/departments/ls/disresearch/romeo/
  • The project was founded by the Joint Information Systems Committee for one year from August 1, 2002 to July 31, 2003. This is a survey of 80 publishers, to verify the possibility of self-archiving that researchers have published their work in them, the results were that 90% of them demanded the transfer of copyright. In addition, 28% did not grant any right to use the article itself and 42% gave the option of self-archiving, but not uniformity of criteria.

Types of License:


Advantajes of Open Access:

  • Eliminates the need for big budgets for the purchase of access
  • Promotes scientific dissemination
  • Editorial makes it easy
  • Democratization of knowledge


  • Lack of training and communication researchers
  • Reluctance to lower scientific quality



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